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insideHPC Special Report: Citizens Benefit from Public/Private Partnerships – Part 2

This special report sponsored by Dell Technologies, takes a look at how now more than ever, agencies from all levels of government are teaming with private Information Technology (IT) organizations to leverage AI and  HPC to create and implement solutions that not only increase safety for all, but also provide a more  streamlined and modern experience for citizens.

The massive amounts of information that are being  generated today require modern, high-performance servers, fast networking and storage solutions that easily scale with increased workloads. Heterogeneous computing systems that incorporate various hardware components such as server accelerators can lead to  faster and more efficient solutions that are vital for safety and security.

This technology guide, insideHPC Special Report: Citizens Benefit from Public/Private Partnerships, highlights a lineup of Ready Solutions created by Dell Technologies which are highly optimized and tuned hardware and software stacks for a variety of industries.

Public Sector Use of Advanced Computing Technologies

There are a wide range of areas in which government agencies are using AI and HPC technologies.

    • Surveillance – Monitor known threats engaged in certain activities. Many instances exist where surveillance is in the best interest of safety.
    • Emergency response – Predict and act on disasters. Responders can more easily make sense of  disparate data and determine the best course of action.
    • Search – Make sense of large amounts of unstructured data. Federal agencies deal with many types of  data in order to make more informed decisions.
    • Social services – Identify needs and issues before intervention is necessary. Social workers can more  quickly determine if a situation might require immediate attention.
    • Fraud detect on – Determine possible fraud based on data and patterns. Using large amounts of data  from many sources can identify fraud earlier.
    • Defense – Embedded in weapons systems and logistics systems. Using AI at the edge can lead to  appropriate responses in real time.

Emergency response

When a disaster is predicted such as a hurricane, or happens unexpectedly such as an earthquake, masses of data are generated. One of the most important pieces of information is where survivors might be located,  based on a number of factors. Much of this data will be unstructured (images, voice, IoT sensors), must be  understood and put into a format that first responders need. Even before a disaster strikes, AI can help to  position supplies, identify areas that might be most susceptible to property or personal damage. Setting up  the response in advance can greatly reduce the costs and potentially save more lives.

With the worldwide pandemic of COVID-19, both public and private organizations are using all available  technology resources to come up with treatments and stop the spread of the virus.

HPC systems are being used around the world to search for and develop effective vaccines and treatments. [2] Testing to determine who may be sick with the virus and quarantine has been shown to reduce the spread  of the virus. In large gatherings, thermal imaging can help to quickly identify those with a fever.

Search

While search engines are great for research, more targeted searches that a government agency may need  might require AI to narrow the results in almost real time. Determining property owners, the number of  people in a specific area, or age of a group of people relies on massive amounts of unstructured data and will  need state-of-the-art algorithms and HPC techniques.

Social services

Many factors may determine who is at risk in the social services arena. Using AI to determine if a child is at  risk or whether a certain individual might be at an increased risk for substance abuse could benefit society as  a whole. With AI, increasing monitoring or active intervention can be optimized, creating a safer environment.

Fraud detection

Fraud has become a serious problem worldwide. As more and more citizens go online for a variety of  transactions, scams have become popular, robbing many of billions of dollars. Using HPC techniques, the  potential exists to reduce this financial drain. Early identification of stolen credit card numbers and identity  theft can save people from having their bank accounts drained, or possibly governments from having to raise taxes.

Defense systems

With immensely complex weapon systems needing to be on standby 24×7—often in remote and dangerous  environments—AI techniques can greatly enhance the usefulness of these systems. AI can be used to predict  when maintenance is needed, to enhance the performance of these systems, and to give operators more  confidence in the operational readiness of the systems. In addition, but not just only for weapons, AI can make the supply chain more resilient as well.

Cybersecurity

Like fraud detection, threats are increasing online from many directions. Whether website phishing, malware,  ransomware or network intrusions to gain personal and private information, organizations both public and  private, must guard against this activity. AI can learn from previous electronic attacks and then modify filters and actions in real time.

Examples

City of Las Vegas

The city of Las Vegas is actively using AI as part of its Smart City initiative, aiming to make Las Vegas a safer  city. A goal of this initiative is to decrease response times of first responders and to identify potential  problems in advance. Las Vegas employs a wide range of technology in order to keep its citizens and visitors  safe. A combination of video cameras, sound sensors and Internet of Things (IoT) devices allow safety officers to identify and respond to incidents quickly. The data observed can be compared to historical data to  determine anomalies and then alert safety officers quickly. The real-time data can be actually analyzed at the  edge where the incident is taking place, significantly decreasing the time that it takes to respond. Alerts can  be issued for crowd safety based on a number of factors in real time, reducing the possibility of unruly  gatherings and possible criminal activity. Many of these advancements and quick analytics are the result of a  combination of new devices, cutting-edge technology and powerful servers.

American Red Cross

The American Red Cross was founded in 1881 and is dedicated to serving people in need. They received their  first congressional charter in 1900 and have been tasked by the federal government with providing  services to members of the American armed forces and their families as well as providing disaster relief in the  United States and around the world.

One of the more visible activities of the American Red Cross is that of supplying blood where it is needed,  especially in times of large disasters. By using a wide range of technologies, the American Red Cross can  quickly set up blood donation centers in advance of anticipated need. By completely transforming their IT infrastructure over the past two years, the American Red Cross can determine where its employees might be  needed, reducing delays and enhancing effectiveness. By analyzing weather predictions, for example, blood  drives or product transportation can be positioned before disaster strikes.

U.S. Air Force

The U.S. Air Force is charged with protecting the nation’s airspace and developing technology for wartime  operations. It’s a premier example of how a government-funded, large-scale, always on organization works  with private industry to invest in advanced computer technology. In 2017, the U.S. Air Force joined with Dell  Technologies to move much of their operations to the cloud. This $1 billion deal with the U.S. Air Force resulted in development of innovative technology solutions that address the needs of a leading organization and their movement to a cloud-based solution.

MIT Lincoln Labs

MIT Lincoln Labs works with a variety of organizations, both public and private, to develop advanced  technologies that are used for various national security initiatives. MIT Lincoln Labs runs multiple compute  clusters with thousands of cores in support of its 1,000+ researchers and various projects.

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is an agency within the U.S. Department of  Commerce that focuses on the oceans and the atmosphere. NOAA monitors and observes various Earth  systems through the use of instruments and data collection. NOAA also researches how these climatic  systems change over time. NOAA is one of the major consumers of computing power in order to study  climate change and make more accurate day-to-day weather predictions. NOAA has always been at the forefront of using large-scale computing systems and consistently upgrades their compute and storage infrastructure.

Over the next few weeks we will explore these topics surrounding citizens benefit from public/private partnerships centered around HPC and AI:

Download the complete insideHPC Special Report: Citizens Benefit from Public/Private Partnerships, courtesy of Dell Technologies.

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